Amazonian Country Located at he heart of the Equatorial Line
Republic of Ecuador
The Republic of Ecuador located between Peru to the south and Colombia to the north it may be the smallest country, but what it has to offer is packed with the most amazing diverse scenery. From the north to the south and across the country we find places full of history, the most amazing colonial architecture, historical colonial landmarks, national parks with stunning, beautiful volcanic lakes, inactive and currently active volcanoes, Amazonian National Parks with modern facilities to accommodate its visitors, and some of the best coastal towns and beaches.
Ecuador is the example of America. This was demonstrated with the first fight for freedom on August 10, 1809. This event was the beginning of a consolidation of ideas for freedom that was finally achieved on May 24, 1822, with the independence from Spanish Conquistadors.Ecuador is divided by two distinct Andean mountain chains, the "Cordillera Occidental" in the west, and the "Cordillera Central" in the east. Home of spectacular volcanoes and snowcapped mountains like: Chimborazo, Cotopaxi (the highest active volcano in the world), Tungurahua, Cayambe, Antisana, Altar, Iliniza, Sangay, Cotacachi and others that stand like great guardians of the nations. These peaks include some of the highest in South America, in all some ten peaks well over 5,000 meters or 16,600 feet.Ecuador's subsoil is rich in minerals, some of them in high abundance: oil, gold, silver, zinc, lead, nickel, sulfur, quartz and marble among others. The Ecuadorian economy is ruled by two major groups, oil and agricultural products, a third and smaller group is the tourism industry.Oil of high quality is found in the Amazonian Region and transported to Esmeraldas in the Pacific Coast across the Andean Region trough pipelines. Here the oil is part processed for internal consumption and the rest is exported to various countries in the world. Oil represents approximately 30% of the total exports in Ecuador.The Coastal Region harbors extensive plantations of tropical products. Ecuador is the world's largest exporter of bananas, other products includes: coffee, cacao, heart of palm, mangoes, melons and citrus among others. Another important part of the Ecuadorian economy in this region is the shrimp-farming industry. Ecuador has become the second largest exporter of pool-grown shrimp in the world, both in whole and as processed products.The tourism in Ecuador is a growing industry, dominated by ecological riches and cultural heritage Ecuador has several points of attractions, one of the most important sites is the Galapagos Islands, a living wonder that was formed through thousands of years of volcanic activity at sea. For the mountaineer the High Sierra holds some of the most spectacular sceneries of South America and for the explorers the jungle in the Oriente is loaded with biological diversity.One of the latest industries born in Ecuador is the flowers. Roses and carnations started being exported in 1983, since then the plantations have expanded to many different types of flowers that are being exported to countries like: United States, Spain, Holland and Russia among others. Galapagos, the Costa and the Highlands share a rainy period from January to May; the difference is that the Coast and Galapagos have an average temperature of 80°F and the highlands of 60°F. Quito's temperature remains constant and moderate year round, lows in the mid 40°F, highs in the low 70°F. The Amazonia is year round hot and humid, but the rainiest months are from April to September.Although a small country, Ecuador contains within its borders a wide variety of landscape, fauna and culture. Like most of South America, Ecuador carries the mixture of three cultures, the Spanish, the Incas and the local indigenous. Spanish is the official language of the country, but a great majority of the indigenous community speaks the Indian language. Quechua was the language imposed by the Incas in the western local tribes. Jivaroan (Jivaro) is the language spoken by the Indians in the Oriental part of the country. The Jivaro tribes are well known around the world as the famous and feared "Shrink-Heads".Ecuador’s currency is the United States dollar, nationally adopted in September of 2000 to replace the initial currency “Sucre”. This is really a country where a little money goes a long way, many Americans have found their little paradise away from home for retirement. Cuenca the capital of the Province of Azuay is one of Ecuador’s best retirement secret place, located in the highlands at about 8,202 feet above sea level with temperatures around 51°F (11°C) and 75% Humidity.The Republic of Ecuador has a Democratic Government elected every 4 years, divided into 24 Provinces that extend from the Pacific Ocean thought the heart of the Andes Mountains and across the Amazon jungle. Ecuador is geographically divided into four regions:1.- Costa:Coastal Zone 2.- Sierra:The Andean and Interandean Highlands3.- Oriente:The Amazonian Tropical Rain Forest4.- Insular:Galápagos Islands
The volcanoes of Ecuador belong to the Northern Volcanic Zone of the Andes, which is the result of subduction of the Nazca Pacific oceanic plate under the continental plate of South America. One of the things that Ecuador is most famous for is its volcanoes. Ecuador is nestled in the northern part of South America, it shares its border on the North with Colombia, on the South-Southeast with Peru and to the West with the Pacific Ocean.The Equatorial Line or Parallel 0° cuts the country in the northern part; it divides the Earth in two hemispheres, North and South. A unique experience if you stand over the Equatorial Line with one leg on each hemisphere.The climate of Ecuador although is in the heart of the tropics ranges from glacial to tropical. In the Sierra region (Andes) temperatures range from subtropical, warm, cold and glacial. In the Coast and Amazonian regions, you will find temperatures ranging from dry tropical, warm tropical and high humidity tropical. These factors determined specific vegetation and fauna for the regions. Temperatures are unpredictable and marked more by altitude than by the calendar.Quito is the capital of Ecuador, architectonic treasure represented in its temples and monasteries that conserve the creativity, intellect and art, an indelible sign of its culture.Here is where in the past a group of courageous adventurers departed to "El País de la Canela". A heroic event that ended with the discovery of the great Amazon River. Quito's old town is so beautiful that was declared a World Cultural Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1978.
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